The most common forms of rehabilitation are physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, psychotherapy and counselling.
Physiotherapy tends to be the most commonly needed following either brain or spinal injury, because it is so important to maintain as much movement and flexibility in limbs and joints as is possible, especially as the injured person gets older.
Speech therapy relates not only to the ability to speak, but also to the use of the mouth and throat, for example in eating and swallowing.
Occupational therapy has two functions: advice and help with occupation; and also as advice on appropriate equipment to ease the difficulties caused by disability and handicap.
Counselling can be important (often for the family as well as the injured person) in coming to terms with serious injury and its effects, and also in dealing with particular problems - a common one is in relation to sexual matters.